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Gendered Patterns of Women and Girls' Migration along the Eastern Corridor

2020, IOM Regional Office for the East and Horn of Africa, Gendered Patterns of Women and Girls' Migration along the Eastern Corridor
Afrique de l’Est et Corne de l’Afrique
IOM Regional Office for the East and Horn of Africa
Publication Series
IOM Thematic Papers

In 2019, the IOM Regional Data Hub (RDH) for the East and Horn of Africa (EHoA) launched a multistage research project aimed at better understanding the experiences, decision-making, perceptions and expectations of young Ethiopians1 along the Eastern Route regarding their migration projects. The project aims to investigate the nexus between decision-making, migrant expectations and realities on the ground, by interviewing migrants leaving the EHoA towards the Arab Peninsula. Although a reasonable body of work examining migrants’ decision-making processes exists, most of this research was conducted outside of the EHoA region. A more nuanced understanding of migrants’ decision to migrate will help inform strategy and programmatic planning for the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and other humanitarian and development actors in the region.

Obock, Djibouti and Bossaso, Puntland, were selected as the main study sites – both being gateways to Yemen, they receive a large number of Ethiopian migrants travelling on the Eastern Route.2 The project involved a quantitative phase in each study location3 and a qualitative phase in Obock, during which semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of young migrants. Three survey questionnaires were developed to address the differences between the three types of migrants: (i) individuals migrating for the first time, (ii) individuals who have attempted or successfully completed this journey before; and (iii) individuals who have decided to stop their journey in Obock or Bossaso and return to Ethiopia. The final phase of the project will target communities of high emigration in Ethiopia, where returning, re-migrating and potential migrants will be interviewed to get a more comprehensive picture of their motivations, perceptions and expectations as well as a better understanding of the environment in which migration is taking place.